Sunday, August 20, 2006

Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh

History has always fascinated me. I always love to read historical novels and this time during my visit back home I got the chance to read one such book. Stanley Wolpert’s
Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh is an excellent combination of historical facts interwoven with fiction.
The book starts with the early summer of 1919 when entire Punjab was actively protesting against Rowlett Act. In Amritsar too the protest rallies were organized under local leadership of Dr Satywan & Barrister Kitchloo, who were true Gandhian follower to the core. The huge response to the protest march scared the English so much that in panic they called the both leaders and without any prior warning put both of them under house arrest & took them to outside Punjab.

English thought that their arrest will stop any further protest but their decision backfired. Devoid of any able leadership, the peaceful protest transformed into mob fury. The protesters in angry mood marched towards Civil Lines to ask Collector to free their leaders. But before they could do so their march was halted at the bridge leading to Civil lines with bullets showered by English, in which around 30 protesters died. This resulted in complete mayhem and in retaliation 6 British nationals were killed including a lady on other side of the city.

Situation could have become normal had the English took the help of moderate leaders to difuse the situation but instead they called the Army. On 12th April local leaders called a meeting in Jallianwala Bagh on 13th to decide about the future course of action. English under the leadership of Brig Gen Dyer put the prohibitory orders against any kind of assembly in the morning. Incidentally that was day of Baisakhi and many farmers from nearby village came to Amritsar to watch the annual cattle fair without knowing the prevailing conditions of the city.

Col dyer came with his Gorkha troops at 5 in the evening and without any prior warning started indiscriminate firing. With only one entrance in the ground people have no way to go. More than 300 innocent persons as per English estimates and around 1000 as per Congress estimates died in the 10 min shootout.

Stanley Wolpert has beautifully captured the mind of Col Dyer who never felt any remorse doing what he thought was an absolute necessity for protection of British Empire even after the tragedy. However the whole incident ridiculed the hollowness of the Britishers claim that they are superior race with more humanly traits than coloured people. Starting from events from 10th April to 13th April & judicial enquiry in November 1919 , Wolpert has given unbiased & gripping account of the sordid saga.

A must read for anyone interested in national freedom movement of subcontinent.


KL said...

Back home!? I thought you live in home only in Ranchi? Or have you gone and living somewhere else now?

Yes, history is a fascinating subject, but we never learn any lesson from it. Look at the modern-world - same mistakes are done by every leader in every country in this world - they don't use or back or support the moderate leaders or groups; rather they use powers and force to subjugate/control anything they don't like and what's the result - radicalism, violence and wars!!!!!!!!!!!!

Dawn said...

Good to know you are back :) as now we can gt some knowledge :D for this hungry mind :)
Nice way of summarizing it ...will check out to read it but I always remember this part of history was very horrific and painful!


Keshi said...

great read.

hows u Manish?


Manish Kumar said...

Kl Home means where my parents live :) i.e. our house in Patna.
How can we leave Dhoni's neighborhood :p

"history is a fascinating subject, but we never learn any lesson from it"

so true...

Manish Kumar said...

DON Yes it was really painful period of our history.

Keshi I am fine. Just came from home last week. How r u!

Abhas Kumar said...

I think this one of the black days in the history of both India and the UK. It just sends me a shiver down my spine, whenever I think of it! Killing so many innocent ppl.. :(

Anonymous said...

can u tell me a poem on this and send it at ""

Neeraj said...

history is the subject that is nothing but a mystery.that baffles u.but when u try 2 know,it starts becoming more mysterious and mysterious.and leave u 2 be mysterious.

Neeraj said...

if any1,here, has dialoues 4 jallianwala bagh tragedy.

send me 8